Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
1771-1835 French Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Galleries The son of a painter, Antoine Jean Gros was born in Paris on March 16, 1771. At the age of 14 he entered the studio of Jacques Louis David, the acknowledged leader of the classical revival. Although his own work became radically different from David's, he maintained a lifelong respect for his teacher and envisioned himself as the upholder of the Davidian tradition. In 1787 Gros entered the Acad??mie de Peinture, and when the Acad??mie dissolved in 1793 (a result of the French Revolution) he went to Italy. He met Josephine Bonaparte in Genoa in 1796, and she introduced him to Napoleonic society. Gros entered Napoleon's immediate entourage and accompanied him on several north Italian campaigns. Gros also became involved with Napoleon's program of confiscating Italian art for removal to France. Gros returned to Paris in 1800 and began to show his Napoleonic paintings in the annual Salons. The most famous of these are the Pesthouse at Jaffa (1804) and Napoleon at Eylau (1808). These works served to deify Napoleon, showing him engaged in acts of heroism and mercy. Stylistically, the paintings were revolutionary:their exotic settings, rich color, agitated space, and general penchant for showing the gruesome specifics of war and suffering differed radically from the cool generalizations of Davidian classicism that Gros had learned as a student. The presentation of contemporary historical events was also new, a harbinger of the realism that developed steadily during the first half of the 19th century in French, American, and English painting. Finally, the emphatic emotionalism of Gros's art established the foundation of romantic painting that Th??odore G??ricault and Eug??ne Delacroix developed after him. Unlike that of some of his countrymen (David is a case in point), Gros's position did not suffer after the fall of Napoleon. Gros painted for the restored monarchy, for instance, Louis XVIII Leaving the Tuileries (1817), and he decorated the dome of the Panth??on in Paris with scenes of French history (1814-1824). For this Charles X made him a baron in 1824. But these works lack the zest and commitment of Gros's Napoleonic period, perhaps because they were not based on the immediate kinds of historical experiences that had inspired the earlier paintings. Although marked by considerable public success, Gros's later career was in many ways acutely troubled. Basically, he could not resolve his personal esthetic theories with his own painting or with the work of his younger contemporaries. To the end Gros wished to propagate the classicism of David, and he took over David's studio when the master was exiled in 1816. By the 1820s, however, the revolutionary romanticism of G??ricault and Delacroix, among others, had clearly begun to eclipse classicism, and Gros found himself fighting a lonely and losing battle for conservatism. Ironically, he was fighting a trend that his own best work had helped to originate. As he persisted, moreover, his own painting began to show a diffident mixture of classic and romantic attitudes. Thus, while he was inherently a romantic, he tragically came to doubt himself. Gros died on June 26, 1835, apparently a suicide.

 

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Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napolean on the Battlefield of Eylau on 9 February 1807 oil painting   

Painting ID::  1838
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napolean on the Battlefield of Eylau on 9 February 1807
1808 Musee du Louvre, Paris

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napolean at Jaffa oil painting   

Painting ID::  1839
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napolean at Jaffa
1804 Musee du Louvre, Paris

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Bonaparte on the Arcole Bridge on 17 November 1796 oil painting   

Painting ID::  1840
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Bonaparte on the Arcole Bridge on 17 November 1796
The Hermitage, St.Petersburg

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcola on 17 November 1796 (mk05) oil painting   

Painting ID::  20808
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcola on 17 November 1796 (mk05)
Canvas 28 1/2 x 23 1/4''(73 x 59 cmStudy for a portrait executed in Milan in 1796 that was exhibited in the Salon of 1801.Given in 1883 R.F 361 (G/AR)

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa on 11 March (mk05) oil painting   

Painting ID::  20811
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken at Jaffa on 11 March (mk05)
1799 Canvas 206 x 281 1/2''(523 x 715 cm)Commissioned by the state INV 5064 (S/AR)

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon on the Battlefield at Eylau on 9 February 1807 (mk05) oil painting   

Painting ID::  20824
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon on the Battlefield at Eylau on 9 February 1807 (mk05)
Canvas 205 x 308 1/2''521 x 784 cm)Commissioned following a competition held in 1807;Salon of 1808 INV 5065 (G/AR)

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon on the Battlefield at Eylau (mk09) oil painting   

Painting ID::  21306
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon on the Battlefield at Eylau (mk09)
February 9 1807,1808 Oil on canvas ,533 x 800 cm Paris,Musee National du Louvre

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon at Arcola (mk09) oil painting   

Painting ID::  21308
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon at Arcola (mk09)
November 17,1796,1796 Oil on cavnas ,73 x 59 cm Paris,Musee National du Louvre

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole (nn03) oil painting   

Painting ID::  23310
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon Bonaparte on the Bridge at Arcole (nn03)
1796/7 Oil on canvas 134 x 104 cm 52 3/4 x 41 in Hermitage Museum St Petersburg

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon Visiting the Plague Vicims at jaffa,March 11.1799 oil painting   

Painting ID::  30666
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon Visiting the Plague Vicims at jaffa,March 11.1799
mk68 Oil on canvas Paris,Louvre 1804 France

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon auf dem Schlachtfeld von Preubisch-Eylau oil painting   

Painting ID::  31324
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon auf dem Schlachtfeld von Preubisch-Eylau
nn07

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon at Arcola oil painting   

Painting ID::  33855
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon at Arcola
mk87 November 17.1796 Oil on canvas 73x59cm Paris,Musee National du Louvre

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleo on the Battlefield at Eylau oil painting   

Painting ID::  33856
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleo on the Battlefield at Eylau
mk87 February 9.1807 Oil on canvas 533x800cm Paris,Musee Natinal du Louvre

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Bonaparte At Arcole oil painting   

Painting ID::  39488
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Bonaparte At Arcole
mk149 c.1797

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Battle of the Pyramids oil painting   

Painting ID::  39951
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Battle of the Pyramids
mk155 1810 Oil on canvas 389x311cm

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Plague House at Jaffa oil painting   

Painting ID::  39952
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Plague House at Jaffa
mk155 1804 Oil on canvas 523x715cm

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon at the Battlefield of Eylau oil painting   

Painting ID::  40647
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon at the Battlefield of Eylau
mk156 1807 Oil on canvas 521x784cm

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Madame Pasteur oil painting   

Painting ID::  44070
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Madame Pasteur
1795-96 Oil on canvas, 86 x 67 cm

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-stricken at Jaffa oil painting   

Painting ID::  44072
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-stricken at Jaffa
1799 Oil on canvas, 523 x 715 cm

   
   
     

 

 

Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Christine Boyer oil painting   

Painting ID::  44074
Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
Christine Boyer
c. 1800 Oil on canvas, 214 x 134 cm

   
   
     

 

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Baron Antoine-Jean Gros
1771-1835 French Baron Antoine-Jean Gros Galleries The son of a painter, Antoine Jean Gros was born in Paris on March 16, 1771. At the age of 14 he entered the studio of Jacques Louis David, the acknowledged leader of the classical revival. Although his own work became radically different from David's, he maintained a lifelong respect for his teacher and envisioned himself as the upholder of the Davidian tradition. In 1787 Gros entered the Acad??mie de Peinture, and when the Acad??mie dissolved in 1793 (a result of the French Revolution) he went to Italy. He met Josephine Bonaparte in Genoa in 1796, and she introduced him to Napoleonic society. Gros entered Napoleon's immediate entourage and accompanied him on several north Italian campaigns. Gros also became involved with Napoleon's program of confiscating Italian art for removal to France. Gros returned to Paris in 1800 and began to show his Napoleonic paintings in the annual Salons. The most famous of these are the Pesthouse at Jaffa (1804) and Napoleon at Eylau (1808). These works served to deify Napoleon, showing him engaged in acts of heroism and mercy. Stylistically, the paintings were revolutionary:their exotic settings, rich color, agitated space, and general penchant for showing the gruesome specifics of war and suffering differed radically from the cool generalizations of Davidian classicism that Gros had learned as a student. The presentation of contemporary historical events was also new, a harbinger of the realism that developed steadily during the first half of the 19th century in French, American, and English painting. Finally, the emphatic emotionalism of Gros's art established the foundation of romantic painting that Th??odore G??ricault and Eug??ne Delacroix developed after him. Unlike that of some of his countrymen (David is a case in point), Gros's position did not suffer after the fall of Napoleon. Gros painted for the restored monarchy, for instance, Louis XVIII Leaving the Tuileries (1817), and he decorated the dome of the Panth??on in Paris with scenes of French history (1814-1824). For this Charles X made him a baron in 1824. But these works lack the zest and commitment of Gros's Napoleonic period, perhaps because they were not based on the immediate kinds of historical experiences that had inspired the earlier paintings. Although marked by considerable public success, Gros's later career was in many ways acutely troubled. Basically, he could not resolve his personal esthetic theories with his own painting or with the work of his younger contemporaries. To the end Gros wished to propagate the classicism of David, and he took over David's studio when the master was exiled in 1816. By the 1820s, however, the revolutionary romanticism of G??ricault and Delacroix, among others, had clearly begun to eclipse classicism, and Gros found himself fighting a lonely and losing battle for conservatism. Ironically, he was fighting a trend that his own best work had helped to originate. As he persisted, moreover, his own painting began to show a diffident mixture of classic and romantic attitudes. Thus, while he was inherently a romantic, he tragically came to doubt himself. Gros died on June 26, 1835, apparently a suicide.